Methods of elimination possibility falsification results secret ballot

 

This paper (that is set forth above and below) is the translation from Russian into English.

 

The first method of elimination possibility
falsification results secret ballot

 

All voting ballots shall be numbered. A voting ballot shall differ from another voting ballot only in that on one of these ballots a number shall be indicated, and the other of these ballots shall contain another number. Any ballot shall be printed in two counterparts (i.e. copies). All counterparts (i.e. copies) of any voting ballot (that is both counterparts of any voting ballot) shall be the same [that is the first counterpart (i.e. copy) of the voting ballot shall not differ from the second counterpart (i.e. copy) of the same voting ballot]. The first counterpart (i.e. copy) out of these two counterparts (i.e. copies) of any ballot shall have the number, and the same number shall be printed on the second counterpart (i.e. copy) of the same voting ballot, and any other voting ballot shall contain another number. Each ballot (that is each counterpart of a ballot) shall have several degrees (that is types) of counterfeit protection (that is each counterpart of any ballot shall have watermarks, micro text and others). In the course of elections two counterparts (that is both counterparts) of any ballot shall be placed together in one non-transparent envelope, that is during elections each envelope (where ballot's counterpart shall be) shall contain only these two counterparts (i.e. copy) of one ballot. During election these envelopes with ballot counterparts (i.e. copies) shall be placed in non-transparent boxes with tops (cover) or opening small windows. Any of these boxes shall be located so that any voter could rotate it (using a well-known device which is similar to that used for rotation of a box with lottery tickets) to the effect that envelopes with ballot counterparts (i.e. copy) in this box mix. Any voter shall rotate this box by themselves, then open the box top and take by themselves any envelope (with ballot counterparts) therefrom, being in this box. During elections the voting ballot (that is a ballot counterpart) shall contain full names of all candidates for deputy, for one of whom the voter who received this ballot can vote.

Following taking of the envelope with ballot counterparts (i.e. copies) from the box, the voter shall go with this envelope to a voting booth, there shall be a seal and a pad for seal ink soaking. This pad shall be filled with ink. The ink shall be composed of non-standard components. The information what components the ink shall contain shall be published after elections.

After the voter entered the voting booth, he/she shall affix the seal (that is affix the imprint of the seal which is placed in this booth) in the square which is (and shall be) near full name of the candidate for deputy, as printed on the ballot counterpart (i.e. copy), for whom this voter would like to vote (that is for whom the voter would like to cast the vote); this square shall be on the ballot. After that this voter shall fill in the second counterpart (i.e. copy) of the ballot in the same way as the first one (that is this voter shall affix the seal in the square of the second counterpart of this ballot, which is near the printed full name of the same candidate for deputy) (that is this voter shall fill in these ballot counterparts in the same manner). Then the voter shall take (that is into personal possession) one filled-in counterpart (i.e. copy) of the ballot. Afterwards, the voter shall deposit the second filled-in ballot counterpart (i.e. copy) in the sealed ballot box. Then the voter shall leave the voting station with one counterpart (i.e. copy) of the voting ballot.

Counterparts (i.e. copies) of all ballots which is omitted in the ballot boxes shall be kept by the election commissions (or commission) for 5 years. A live video broadcast on the Internet within the whole period of keeping of these ballots shall be made (that is organized) from all places of storage thereof (or from a place of storage of these ballot counterparts, if the same are kept in one place). The live video broadcast on the Internet during printing of ballots (that is ballot counterparts), showing the procedure of printing of these ballots shall be made from all places of printing of these ballot counterparts (i.e. copies).

During elections and in the course of counting of votes, the live video broadcast on the Internet shall be made from all premises for voting, and following the elections the same shall be shown on tape delay. Broadcasting video cameras (or broadcasting TV cameras) (to video broadcast on the Internet) in any voting premises shall be placed as follows. One broadcasting video camera shall be directed to the box with envelopes with ballot counterparts (from which voters will take these envelopes, and which voters can rotate), so that a viewer, via the Internet, could count the number of people who received the envelopes with voting ballot counterparts (i.e. copies) at this voting station, and each voter shall show this broadcasting video camera (and a member of the election commission) that he/she has taken only one envelope with two counterparts (i.e. copies) of the voting ballot, and other broadcasting video cameras shall be directed to other places of this voting station. All these video broadcasting recordings shall be kept for 5 years. A blackboard shall stand near this box (that is the box from which voters will take these envelopes), where a member of the election commission shall write in chalk the following: the number of voters who have already taken the envelopes with voting ballot counterparts (i.e. copies) from this box, that is if the voter has taken the envelope with voting ballots counterparts (i.e. copies) from this box, a member of the election commission shall immediately erase the number written on the board and write in chalk the number bigger than the last number by one.

The specified broadcasting video camera shall be placed in a way that using it, both this box with envelopes, and the number written on this board could be seen simultaneously.

After this voting, the following shall be published by country regions: what voting ballots (that is what numbers the voting ballots have), and how voters of what district filled in the same, that is how voters of a given district filled in the voting ballots (that is the ballot counterparts), and what voting ballots they filled in to be published (only in this district) (for example, how voters of the Central District filled in the voting ballots, and what voting ballots they filled in to be published only in the Central District), by means of printing (production) of booklets (and placement thereof in libraries of this district); these booklets shall contain the following: how a voting ballot with a given number is filled in (for example, No. 1527), how a voting ballot with a given but another number is filled in (for example, No. 1528), etc. Namely, this way the following shall be set forth: how all ballots by which voters only of a given district were filled in. And the information on how and what ballots (that is ballots with what numbers) were filled in by voters of another district shall be published in that another district (that is in the latter district), etc. I.e. following voting, the following shall be published: what ballots (that is voting ballots with what numbers) were filled in by voters of a given district (for example, of the Central District), and how they (voters) filled in each of these ballots [and this shall be published only in this district by printing (production) of booklets and placement thereof in libraries of this district only]; and the following shall be published: what voting ballots (that is voting ballots with what numbers) were filled in by voters of another district (for example, the Pushkinskiy District), and how these voters filled in each of these ballots [and this shall be published only in the latter district by printing (production) of booklets and placement thereof in libraries of this district only], etc. The foregoing results of the voting shall be published on the Internet. And the aggregate results of counting of votes of voters of the whole country shall be published throughout the country.

Any voter shall be entitled to come to the library and verify, whether one of these booklets contains correct data on his voting, as he/she knows the number of the voting ballot filled in by him/her (that is he/she knows the number contained in the voting ballot he/she filled in), and how he/she filled in his/her voting ballot. If it follows from the data published in the relevant booklet, that he/she voted not for the candidate he/she actually voted for, then this voter may lodge a complaint about ballot-rigging in police or a court and attach thereto the voting ballot which he/she filled in at the voting station (during voting) and which confirms that there has been ballot-rigging. Any voter shall have the right not to disclose to a police officer and anybody else (that is another person) that the voting ballot at his/her (this voter's) disposal (or he/she submitted to the police to confirm the falsification) was filled in (at the voting station during voting) by him/her, and how this voting ballot turned out to be with him/her. Any voter should be (i.e. have) entitle to request any person or any public (that is non-profit) organization [in this case this voter should have the right not disclosing his/her (i.e. its) full name to them] to do the following: to file a complaint about ballot-rigging in the police and provide the police with the voting ballot (that is a ballot counterpart) confirming it [and in this case this voter shall give away (or send by mail) his/her voting ballot (confirming ballot-rigging) to a person who consented to do it (or a public organization which consented to do it)]. This voter should shall be entitled to disclose such request to any person (or public organization) by telephone orally or in a letter to be sent by mail (and in which he/she will enclose such voting ballot confirming ballot-rigging), or by e-mail, or in any other secret way. Any public (non-profit) organization (or any person) should shall be entitled to lodge the complaint about ballot-riggings (or ballot-falsification) in the police [about which she (or it) learned] and attach the ballots (ballot) thereto which confirm(s) it.

If the person (or the public organization) has filed the complaint about falsification to the police and informed the police officers that he/she/it has the voting ballot confirming such falsification, the police officers in this case shall conduct expert examination of this voting ballot in the presence of this person (or this public organization). As a result of this expert examination these police officer shall determine the following: is whether this voting ballot counterfeit or not. And immediately after this expert examination the police officers shall return this voting ballot to this person (or this public organization). In the course of this expert examination, a live video broadcasting on the Internet shall be performed from the place of conduct this expert examination. Under Article 142 one of the Criminal Code of Russia, the ballot rigging is punishable by imprisonment of up to 4 years.

Signs by which one can to distinguish the genuine voting ballot from the fake voting ballot should be published on the Internet immediately after the vote.

Counterpart (i.e. copy) voting ballot which voter took to himself should have greater legal force than counterpart (i.e. copy) voting ballot which this voter omitted into the ballot box.

If, due to illness, a voter cannot visit the voting station, members of the election commission shall provide to this voter conditions for voting in his/her place of residence, similar conditions that create for voters who are able to come to the voting station. During this a live video broadcasting on the Internet shall be organized (in particular) to demonstrate, how this voter takes an envelope with counterparts (i.e. copies) voting ballot from the above specified box with envelopes (this box voter can rotate) and how this voter shows the broadcasting video camera that he/she has taken only one envelope from the box. This shall be recorded on videotape recorder, and the recording shall be kept for 5 years.

Referendums and the country's President elections can be conducted in a similar way.

 

The second method of elimination possibility
falsification results secret ballot

 

The second method of elimination possibility falsification results secret ballot such same as the first (above described) method (of elimination possibility falsification results secret ballot) except next (i.e. the differences the second method, from the first method should be such):

1) Any voting ballot shall be printed (not in two counterparts but) in one counterpart. All voting ballots shall be numbered. A voting ballot shall differ from another voting ballot only by the fact that any voting ballot (out of these two voting ballots) shall contain a number, and the other voting ballot (out of these two voting ballots) shall contain another number. Each voting ballot shall have several degrees (types) of protection against forgery (that is each voting ballot shall have watermarks, micro font and etc.). Pictures in pale colors shall be printed on the entire surface of any voting ballot. In the course of elections any voting ballot shall be placed in a non-transparent envelope. That is during elections one envelope shall contain only following: one voting ballot.

2) During elections envelopes (each of which shall contain one voting ballot) shall be placed in non-transparent boxes with caps or opening small windows. Thereby, any of these boxes shall be positioned so that any voter could rotate it (using a well-known device which usually utilized to rotate a box with lottery tickets).

3) The voter has to take a random envelope from the box (in this envelope is the should be voting ballot) thereafter the voter shall go with this envelope to a voting booth in this cabin should be print and pillow for wetting printing. Then the voter shall fill in a voting ballot by affixing the imprint of this seal in the square which near with the full name of the candidate for deputy. After that the voter shall approach to a highly sensitive device to make copies (that is to a highly sensitive copier) and after that the voter shall should put the voting ballot (which he filled) on the copier's surface so that the copier could make a copy of this voting ballot. Thereby, the voter shall put voting ballot face down on the copier's surface (that is the voter shall place the voting ballot on the copier's surface so that if a person looks at the voting ballot which lying on the copier's surface, he will not be able to see, whether this voting ballot is filled or non-filled). This copier shall be located at the voting station so that its (i.e. copier) it can be seen by members of the election commission and election observers, and this copier shall be situated near a ballot box, for example, three meters far from the ballot box. Then the voter shall cover with (that is to pin down) this voting ballot transparent lid and thereafter the copier shall copy the voting ballot in such a way that the voting ballot does not move. The copier shall provide a copy of with the voting ballot its face down, that is the copier shall give the voting ballot's copy so that the bottom side of the copy (i.e. on the side of a copy of which will be located at the bottom) contained the image that the copier has printed out (as a result of copying of the voting ballot).

Only one side of the voting ballot shall contain full names of candidates for deputies and the squares near these names in one of which the voter shall affix the seal. A member of the election commission shall be near the copier, this a member of the election commission shall upon the voter's request, shall advise him, how to make a copy. Then the voter shall open a transparent top of the copier under which he put a the voting ballot (which he filled). Then, the voter must take himself voting ballot which he filled (that is, the voter must then take voting ballot in its his personal property). After that the voter shall fold a copy of the voting ballot into two or four and throw this copy of in a transparent (or non-transparent) ballot box (that is into a transparent or non-transparent voting box) (or the voter shall fold a copy of the voting ballot in two and put this copy in an envelope and throw this envelope into a transparent ballot box). Afterwards the voter shall leave the voting station with a voting ballot (that is with an original voting ballot).

If, due to illness, the voter cannot visit the voting station, the election commission members shall procure for this voter voting conditions at the place of his residence, similar to those created for voters who can visit the voting station.

Original a voting ballot should have greater legal force than a copy of the a voting ballot. Referendums and country's presidential elections can be conducted in a similar way.

The copier can be located not near the ballot box, but on the ballot box, in that case, it is necessary to do everything described under this method (that is the second method), except as follows (i.e., in that case the differences from it method must be such): the copier shall fold the copy of the a voting ballot in four and deposit it in transparent ballot box (or not fold the copy of the a voting ballot and deposit it in a non-transparent ballot box), whereupon the voter shall take the a voting ballot which he filled in by and which is on the copier into personal possession.

By the way, during the application of State Automated System of the Russian Federation Vybory (Elections) (abbreviated the "SAS Vybory") and at places where SAS Elections was used, the following happened:

1) on each ballot box was the scanner that: a) scan each voting ballot that is put on it (that is, the scanner) voter b) cast voting ballots, which he (i.e., scanner) scanned [he (i.e., scanner) throwing] in the ballot box.

2) each voter put the a voting ballot which he (i.e. voter) filled on the scanner which is mounted on the ballot box.

Some countries have used automated electoral systems each of which is similar to State Automated System of the Russian Federation Vybory.

 

The third method of elimination possibility
falsification results secret ballot

 

The third method of elimination possibility falsification results secret ballot such same as the first (above described) method (of elimination possibility falsification results secret ballot) except next (i.e. the differences the third method, from the first method should be such):

1) Any ballot shall be printed (not in two counterparts but) in three counterparts (i.e. copies); these three counterparts shall be identical. On a copy of the bulletin should stand number. The same number shall be indicated on each of three counterparts.

2) During elections, any envelope (to be placed in the box which voter shall be able to rotate) shall contain only the following: (not two counterparts of one ballot but) three counterparts of one voting ballot.

These three counterparts shall be filled in by a voter in the voting booth identically, that is the voter shall fill in the second counterpart in the same way as the first one, and the third counterpart as the first one. Thereby, the voter shall fill in these counterparts as under the first method above, that is by affixing the imprint of the seal in squares printed on the ballot counterparts. Namely, if the voter filled in the first ballot counterpart as follows: affixing of the imprint of the seal on the first counterpart in the square being near the full name of the candidate for deputy, then this voter shall fill in the second ballot counterpart as follows: only affix on the second ballot counterpart the imprint of the seal in the square near the full name of the same candidate for deputy, and this voter shall fill in the third ballot counterpart as follows: only affix on the third ballot counterpart the imprint of the seal in the square near the full name of the same candidate for deputy.

Afterwards, the voter shall take (that is take into personal possession) one filled-in ballot counterpart. Then the voter shall deposit the two remaining ballot counterparts (that is two ballot counterparts that left after the voter has taken one ballot counterpart into personal possession) into the envelope and leave the voting booth. After that the voter shall go to the room for verification of correctness of ballot counterparts filling. No election observers, members of the election commission and video cameras shall be in this room. There shall be a hole in one wall of this room, which length shall constitute 350 millimeters and width - 7 millimeters. The thickness of the wall where such hole is shall be 1 centimeter. A cotton square cloth of 500 millimeters x 500 millimeters shall hang over this hole. To upper corners of this cloth shall be nailed (fastened) above this hole, so that the cloth closes it, thereby, a voter shall be able to come to this wall and put the envelope with two ballot counterparts into this hole. On the other side of the wall with such hole (that is on the side of the wall to which the voter shall not be able to come), there shall be a room where the members of the election commission and the election observers shall seat.

Then the voter shall come to this hole and put the envelope with two filled-in ballot counterparts into this hole in the wall (that is this voter shall give this envelope through this hole to the members of the election commission, who shall be over the wall in the room) (by the way, these members of the election commission shall not have access to the seal or the copy of the seal which imprint the voter affixed on the ballot counterparts). After that the member of the election commission (with approval of other members of the election commission) [who is on the other side of this wall, that is in this (that is the latter) room] shall take the envelope from the hole (that is the envelope which was passed to him/her by the voter through the hole) with two filled-in ballot counterparts, afterwards the member of the election commission shall determine, whether the voter has filled in the ballot counterparts which being in this envelope identically (that is whether the voter has filled in one ballot counterpart in the same way as another counterpart of the ballot or not, namely, the members of the election commission shall determine the following: the voter has filled in one ballot counterpart as follows: affixing the seal in the square being near the full name of the candidate for deputy, then this voter fills in the other ballot counterpart as follows: only affixed the seal in the square near the full name of the same candidate for deputy, or the voter has filled in the latter ballot counterpart differently). If identically, then the members of the election commission shall affix the seal on one ballot counterpart and affix the seal on the second ballot counterpart, too (it shall be said on this seal that a given ballot counterpart is valid), and the member of the election commission (with approval of other members of the election commission) shall deposit these two ballot counterparts into this envelope and shove the this envelope in this hole in the wall (i.e. member of the election commission shall give this envelope through this hole to the wall for voter that is put the envelope into the this hole in the wall). Afterwards, the voter shall take the envelope from the hole and go with it to the booth which placed in this room. No seal shall be in this booth. In this booth the voter shall take one ballot counterpart (which lies is in this envelope) into personal possession. Then the voter shall deposit the second (that is another) ballot counterpart (which in this envelope) into the ballot box. And after that the voter shall leave the voting station with two ballot counterparts, one of which contains the seal affixed by the member of the election commission with approval of other members of the election commission.

If the members of the election commission and the election observers (which be near this hole in the wall) find out that the voter has filled in two ballot counterparts differently, they on these two counterparts shall affix the imprints of the seal , in which be stated that this ballot counterpart is invalid. Then the members of the election commission shall record the numbers of the invalid ballot counterparts and leave this record with themselves [after elections the following, in particular, shall be published by districts: which counterparts of the ballot were declared invalid by the election commission (that is numbers printed on of the ballot counterparts which the election commission declared invalid shall be published)]. After that they (that is the election commission members) shall put these ballot counterparts in the envelope. Following this, the election commission member, with consent of other election commission members, should shall put (i.e. shove) this envelope into the hole. Then the voter shall take the envelope. Then the voter shall perform one of the following actions: 1) either put one invalid ballot counterpart in the ballot box, and take the second invalid ballot counterpart into personal possession, and leave the voting station with two ballot counterparts; 2) or take both invalid ballots into personal possession and leave the voting station with three ballot counterparts. If the voter finds out that the result of his/her voting falsification (that is if the voter finds out that it has been published that the ballot counterparts he/she filled in are filled in not in the manner he/she filled in these counterparts, in fact), the voter shall be entitled to strive against such fraud (that is against this) in the procedure set forth under the first method above, but for this the voter will be able to use not a counterpart, but counterparts of the ballot, which he/she took at the voting station (under the first method above, for this purpose the voter may use one ballot counterpart taken at the voting station).

If, due to illness, the voter cannot visit the voting station, the election commission members shall bring the above specified box with envelopes with ballot counterparts to the voter's place of residence. After that this voter shall take any envelope with ballot counterparts from the box [a live video broadcasting thereof on the Internet shall be organized (that is how this voter takes any envelope with ballot counterparts from the box), and all this shall be recorded on a videotape recorder, and the recording shall be kept for 5 years] and fill in the ballot counterparts in secrecy (and identically), take two ballot counterpart into personal possession, and put one ballot counterpart into the sealed portable ballot box. Then these election commission members shall go with this ballot box to another voter who cannot arrive at the voting station, and the latter voter shall perform the same voting procedure, and after the voting the latter voter shall put one ballot counterpart in the same ballot box, etc. And when the ballot box is full of the ballot counterparts, the election commission members shall bring it to the voting station and place in the foreground. Following the end of voting, this ballot box and all other ballot boxes shall be opened by the members of the election commission, and then they shall count the votes.

Referendums and the country's President elections can be conducted in a similar way.

 



The author of this work: Aleksandr Anatolyevich Shmonov

 

E-mail of Aleksandr Anatolyevich Shmonov: 275527@gmail.com

 

Phone number of Aleksandr Anatolyevich Shmonov: +79013041055

 

This work was published on June 20, 2009 year